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Sunday, July 26, 2020 | History

2 edition of Zonal profiles of atmospheric water vapor found in the catalog.

Zonal profiles of atmospheric water vapor

Peter M Kuhn

Zonal profiles of atmospheric water vapor

by Peter M Kuhn

  • 57 Want to read
  • 27 Currently reading

Published by Environmental Research Laboratories, for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off. in Boulder, Colo, Washington .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Water vapor, Atmospheric -- Measurement,
  • Radiometers,
  • Aeronautics in meteorology

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references (p. 11)

    SeriesNOAA technical report ; ERL 319-APCL 33, NOAA technical report ERL -- 319, NOAA technical report ERL -- 33
    ContributionsEnvironmental Research Laboratories (U.S.)
    The Physical Object
    Pagination11 p. :
    Number of Pages11
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL15474634M

      Joseph Galewsky, Hans Christian Steen‐Larsen, Robert D. Field, John Worden, Camille Risi, Matthias Schneider, Stable isotopes in atmospheric water vapor and applications to the hydrologic cycle, Reviews of Geophysics, /RG, 54, 4, (), (). Middle atmospheric ozone, water vapour and zonal and meridional wind profiles have been measured with the two ground-based microwave radiometers GROMOS-C and MIAWARA-C.

      Principal Investigator (PI): Dr Eric Fetzer, NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory We are assembling a record of atmospheric water vapor using a variety of recent and historic data sets. This work is coordinated with NASA"s Making Earth System Data Records for Use in Research Environments water vapor record effort titled "Improvement of the NVAP Global Water Vapor Data Set for Climate, . This volume presents a series of overview articles arising from a workshop exploring the links among shallow clouds, water vapor, circulation, and climate sensitivity. It provides a state-of-the art s.

    From the zonal mean streamfunction analyses, the total vertical transports of water substance were inferred, and compared with the contributions by standing eddies and mean meridional circulations. The resulting vertical fluxes by transient eddies show the great importance of cumulus convection in the tropics for the atmospheric circulation. the amount of water vapor in the atmosphere. The pressure caused by these water vapor molecules is called the vapor heric vapor pressure is expressed in mil-libars (mb). As we learned in Chapter 1, water vapor is at most only 4% of the total atmosphere.


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Zonal profiles of atmospheric water vapor by Peter M Kuhn Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Zonal profiles of atmospheric water vapor. [Peter M Kuhn; United States. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration,; Atmospheric Physics and Chemistry Laboratory (U.S.),; Environmental Research Laboratories (U.S.),]. Zonal profiles of atmospheric water vapor Kuhn, P.

Abstract. Water vapor burden and in situ mixing ratios at high altitude flight levels were inferred from observations in the rotational water vapor spectral band. The method of radiance observations to infer water vapor burden and concentration, while radiometric, involved emission Cited by: 3.

A Climatology of Tropospheric Zonal-Mean Water Vapor Fields and Fluxes in Isentropic Coordinates Tapio Schneider; or the mean mass of water vapor per unit area in an atmospheric column. Tropospheric Water Vapor Profiles Retrieved from Pressure-Broadened Emission Spectra at 22 by: Atmospheric infrared transmission measurements in maritime locations are also presented.

Subsequent sections explore microwave and millimeter wave phenomena; geoastrophysical applications; and in situ measurements, remote sensing, and meteorology of water vapor. The final chapters deal with the microphysics and atmospheric chemistry of water vapor.

Purchase Atmospheric Water Vapor - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBNBook Edition: 1. The annual zonal mean specific humidity at 70°N ranges from g kg −1 at the surface to g kg −1 at mb. Zonal-mean precipitable water ranges from mm in February and March to mm in July.

For all months, over 95% of water vapor is found below mb. Down looking (DL) GPS occultation experiment was performed in collaboration with NASA/JPL on the top of Mt. Fuji from July 10 to Septemin order to obtain the water vapor profile near.

The Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) on board the Aqua satellite, launched in Mayprovides another means for high-quality vertical profiles of water vapor with good spatial coverage.

The AIRS retrieval products have been used in various applications and for a variety of purposes (Aumann et al. ; Lambrigtsen et al. The cloud-resolving simulations have been validated with observations in terms of atmospheric thermodynamic profiles, surface fluxes, and surface rain rates in the Tropics during the Global Atmospheric Research Programme Atlantic Tropical Experiment (GATE; e.g., Xu and Randall ; Grabowski et al.

) and TOGA COARE (e.g., Wu et al. For zonal means, specific humidity for all seasons typically displays a surface maximum, decreasing poleward at all levels. Precipitable water (surface‐ hPa), has winter values ranging from mm for 65°−70°N and mm for 80°–90°N, with annual maxima in July of and mm, respectively.

See the latest United States water vapor weather satellite map. The ineractive map makes it easy to navitgate around the globe. Vertical profiles of water vapor concentration at high latitudes (°N °S) were observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) solar occultation sensor aboard the Advanced.

Introduction [2] Stratospheric water vapor plays an important role for the radiation budget of the troposphere [Held and Soden, ] as well as the stratosphere [Forster and Shine, ] and for stratospheric chemistry, in particular for ozone [Evans et al., ; Dvortsov and Solomon, ].Water vapor enters the stratospheric “overworld” (the part of the stratosphere above K.

The LW CRE in the atmosphere also balances two opposing effects (Rossow and Zhang ): adding clouds can reduce the overall emission temperature and LW flux, especially if they are at a higher level than the bulk of the water vapor, but also can increase the average emissivity (and the LW flux) of the atmosphere, especially in the water vapor.

The daily variability of stratospheric water vapor profiles about the monthly mean has also been established from these data sets for selected months. Information is also provided on the longitudinal variability of LIMS water vapor profiles about the daily, weekly, and monthly zonal means.

Up to 85% of this increase arises from thermodynamically driven increases in water vapor, with a smaller contribution by increased zonal wind strength. These findings imply substantial challenges for water and flood management in California, given future increases in intense atmospheric.

1. Introduction [2] Water vapor is a long‐lived tracer in stratosphere. Its distribution and variability has provided a wealth of information on the atmospheric circulation.

The main chemical source of water vapor in the stratosphere is methane oxidation [Brasseur and Solomon, ; LeTexier et al., ].The primary sink in the lower stratosphere is due to the formation of ice particles. Much more data are needed, and they should be collected over a smaller time period and over a larger geographic area so that a better zonal mean can be computed.

REFERENCE PROFILES The LIMS zonal mean water vapor pressure versus latitude cross section for January is shown in Fig. 2 - ~ ~~ ~:~___ So 60 30 0 30 60 S0 LATITUDE (DEG.

Figure Vertical profiles of temperature T, potential temperature q, water vapor (dew point), and ozone measured by aircraft in early afternoon in August over eastern Canada. Figure illustrates how solar heating generates an unstable mixed layer in the lower troposphere.

The Figure shows vertical profiles of temperature, water vapor. The column abundances and mass of the vapor in the zonal bands in the three innermost zonal bands in the SPR continue to increase during this time (Fig.

11, Fig. 13) suggesting that a combination of atmospheric transport, desorption of vapor from the soil and sublimation of surface frost continue to bring water vapor to the inner parts of the. Tropospheric water‐vapour and ozone measurements, using calibrated balloon‐borne sensors, are reported from the Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment (CEPEX).

the sensors were launched from the Research Vessel Vickers along 2°S latitude between °E (west of the international date line) and °W (east of the date line). These measurements are combined with those from water‐vapour.1. INTRODUCTION [2] Water vapor is not only important for Earth's radiative balance as the dominant greenhouse gas of the atmosphere.

It is also an active player in dynamic processes that shape the global circulation of the atmosphere and thus climate. The latent heat released when atmospheric water vapor condenses and the cooling of air through evaporation or sublimation of condensate affect.We describe observations of tropical stratospheric water vapor q that show clear evidence of large‐scale upward advection of the signal from annual fluctuations in the effective “entry mixing ratio” q E of air entering the tropical stratosphere.

In other words, air is “marked,” on emergence above the highest cloud tops, like a signal recorded on an upward moving magnetic tape.